Pagnotta is typical of central Italy, a rustic peasant loaf with a hard, deep brown crust and a soft center. In norther Italy, this bread is made into small round rolls. These make wonderful soup bowls. They can also be used for dips and spreads. This dough can also be used to make pizza crusts, or focaccia. Recipe from Kathy Lehr, "Soup in a Bread Bowl", Cooks Wares, March 2010
To make the dough: Put the flour in a bowl and add yeast to it. Mix. Add the salt after mixing the yeast into the flour. Add your olive oil and 3/4 cup of water. If using a stand mixer, mix on low speed with paddle. Begin adding the remaining water. The water will be your variable, not your flour. Add water until the dough appears quite sticky. If using a mixer, change to the dough hook. If working by hand, begin kneading process. The dough will appear stickier than you are probably used to. Knead by machine for about 4-5 minutes or by hand until dough is elastic. I like to finish off the mixer kneading by some hand kneading as well. Put the dough in a bowl rubbed with olive oil and cover with plastic wrap. Either let rest in the refrigerator overnight for a long, cool rise or let rise at room temperature for 1 1/2 hours. Punch down the dough, fold and tuck the dough, and let rise another hour. Shaping dough: Divide the dough into 200-250 gram portions or a number of equal portions. Make a round loaf by laying the dough smooth side down and pulling the dough toward the middle at 12 o'clock and 6 o'clock. then pull the dough toward the middle from 3 o'clock and 9 o'clock. Turn the dough round over and tuck the dough tightly to the bottom using your hands to pull the dough to the bottom. Set the round upside down on a floured towel to rise for about 40 minutes, covered. Baking: Preheat the baking stones in the center of oven at 425 degrees. Before slashing the bread, throw 1/4 cup of water into the bottom of the oven for steam. Turn the loaf right side up onto a peel. Slash the top of the bread and put into the oven. Add another splash of water to the bottom of the oven. After 10 minutes, reduce heat to 400 degrees. Bake for a total of about 20-25 minutes or until internal temperature of the loaf is about 200 degrees. Remove and cool completely. Making soup bowls: When round is completely cooled, using a serrated knife, cut a hold in the top of the loaf. Hollow out much of the internal dough and save for other uses, or to eat! When ready to serve, pour soup into "bowl" and serve immediately. Freezing Bread: Double wrap bread with plastic wrap. Then place into a ziplock bag. When ready to serve. Thaw completely and then pop bread into the oven for 5 minutes at the same temperature you baked it at, until it is crisp. Add water to the bottom of the oven pan.