The Aviation Cocktail


Do you have a bottle of Maraschino Cherry Liqueur in your liquor cabinet? If not, run out and get one because there’s is a new cocktail in my life, and you’re going to need Maraschino Liqueur to make it. My friend Joe introduced me to this drink and once it was on my radar I noticed that it was popping up at the trendiest bars and swankest cocktail parties in L.A. It’s funny how that works.

But calling it new is just plain wrong. Because it’s a classic cocktail whose previous heyday was in the 1930’s. It’s a rather glamorous little tipple with a deservedly glamorous name: The Aviation Cocktail.

I imagine its name could have come from the fascination at the time with the heroics of aviation pioneers like Howard Hughes, and Amelia Earhart. But I also read that the early commercial airline travelers needed all the chutzpah they could muster just to travel by plane. Their chutzpah may have come from this particular cocktail. But to further muddy the historical waters (or maybe I should say cloud the chronoscopic skies) I have been able to confirm that The Aviation existed quite a few years before Howard Hughes was setting records and winning flying awards because a version of it can first be found in Hugo Ensslin’s Recipes for Mixed Drinks, published in 1916.

Aviation Cocktail- Hugo Ensslin Version

  • 1/3 Volume Lemon Juice
  • 2/3 Volume El Bart Gin
  • 2 dashes Maraschino liqueur
  • 2 dashes Creme de Violette

Shake well in a mixing glass with cracked ice, strain and serve.

Which sounds like a mighty sour mix! Today the most accepted and typical recipe for The Aviation Cocktail is from Gary Regan and his book The Joy of Mixology.

The Aviation Cocktail- Gary Regan Version

  • 2 oz gin
  • 1/2 oz maraschino liqueur
  • 1/2 oz lemon juice

Fill a cocktail shaker two-thirds full with ice and add all of the ingredients. Shake for approximately 15 seconds. Strain into a chilled cocktail glass. Garnish with lemon twist.

If you were to go into a bar today (granted a VERY good bar) you would get some version closest to the Gary Regan proportions. And just by reading it you can see that it is considerably sweeter than the probable original. The other big difference is the Gary Regan version omits the Creme de Violette.

It’s possible Mr. Regan left out the Creme de Violette because it’s just so darn hard to find. I live in Los Angeles where you can usually find just about anything and it was hard to find. But it’s also possible that the omission of Violette by Mr. Regan may have been a purposeful choice based on his tastes. But the truth is more likely that Mr. Regan’s lack of Violette was not so much an editorial choice as an educated nod to tradition. A tradition stemming from an amusing little story attached to the be-all-and-end-all (to many mixologists) of cocktail books. The very famous cocktail bible known as The Savoy Cocktail Book.

Evidently there was (is) a typo in its recipe for The Aviation Cocktail. The editors left the Violette out. They simply did not catch their mistake. So from 1930 onward most bartenders stayed true to the flawed recipe and also leave out the Violette.

The Aviation Cocktail- Savoy Version

  • 2 oz Gin
  • 3/4 oz fresh lemon juice
  • 1 teaspoon Maraschino liqueur

Combine all ingredients with ice in a shaker, shake, and strain into a chilled cocktail glass. Garnish with a Maraschino cherry.

So now you have 3 versions of this classic cocktail and you still may have no idea about the all important taste factor. That’s probably because you may be confusing Maraschino liqueur with the syrupy red sweet liquid found in a jar of Maraschino cherries. They are not even close to similar, so do not think you can get away with substituting one for the other, you simply cannot. Grenadine also, is not the same thing.

Maraschino liqueur is brandy-like liqueur is made from Dalmatian Marasca cherries. It is not cloyingly sweet like “cherry juice” or “grenadine”. But has nutty notes and an overall fruity quality. It’s clear like water, but has a slight viscosity. It is far drier than the name might lead you to believe.

It’s nice on the rocks and pairs well with Campari (in my opinion). I sometimes make a light summer cocktail with equal parts of Maraschino, Campari and club soda.

The Aviation Cocktail itself is gin-based. The yin and yang of lemon and Maraschino (and optionally Violette) helps define the palate, but they should not overpower the gin. Use a very good gin. The slight background of juniper sits nicely on the tongue after each sip and is a crucial element. I use Plymouth.

In Los Angeles and San Francisco where I have been on Aviation crawls lately only the most traditional or the most seriously dedicated bars still make The Aviation Cocktail. If it weren’t for places like these this cocktail may have headed into oblivion unnoticed. Which is sad because The Aviation was once regarded as the prince of cocktails. But America’s taste for wine has seriously eroded some of these classics. Causing the more unusual liqueurs like Maraschino to become scarce.

Now I like an excellent glass of wine, especially when paired with the right food. But I long for the sophisticated palate of an impeccably prepared cocktail sometimes and hope and pray we can keep some of these traditional drinks alive and well for a long time to come.

In helping make that sentiment a reality I have adapted The Aviation Cocktail to my tastes and offer you my own version. It is very close to the Savoy version, which was a bit bitter for my taste. I experimented with adding a bit more of the sweet liqueurs to offset the lemon juice, but found they overpowered the gin. Which is a great big no-no! There is a reason I drink gin over vodka. It tastes good! So in my version a scant bit of simple syrup completes the cocktail.

If you make my version (which includes the Creme de Violette) I think you will finally solve the riddle in the naming of this cocktail. It has nothing to with commercial airline travel, or the antics of Howard Hughes. Nope, the Violette imbues this cocktail with just the barest hint of the loveliest shade of sky blue.


  1. I still restocked our liquor cabinet with Luxardo Maraschino Liqueur as well as Creme de Violette. Have been researching cocktails, but have not come across this one. Cannot wait to get home and try it out. First, I am going to ask around while we are out in Boston to see if anyone serves them!

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